Year 10

For KS4 students, the SNHS geography department deliver the iGCSE course (0460) for geography, more information and the specification for which can be found here.

Students will be required to complete a piece of written coursework in the summer term of Year 10 (which will be submitted to the exam board in Y11), and then sit two exams in the summer of Year 11.
Paper 1(2) Geographical Themes
Answer three out of six optional questions, but must answer one question per section.
1 hour and 45 minutes.
45% of final iGCSE grade
Paper 2(2) Geographical Skills
Answer all questions- 20 marks available for map skills, and the remainder of the marks based on interpretation of information based on the main geographical themes.                   1 hour and 30 minutes.
27.5 % of final iGCSE grade
Paper 3   Coursework
Assessment completed in class/homework.
Approx. 2000 word investigation of theory, to demonstrate various skills and data presentation techniques.
27.5% of final iGCSE grade

Fieldwork:
A three-day residential opportunity in the Yorkshire Dales (Autumn term Y10)
A compulsory one day fieldwork on the island (Summer term Y10) which will be the basis of the coursework project. Non-attendance for this fieldtrip will have consequences for your exam entry.

Equipment:
It is essential that iGCSE students are equipped with the following for normal classes and for the examinations:
Blue/black pen
Pencil
Ruler
360 degree protractor (these can be purchased from the school office)
Text book (each student will be issued with a text book at the start of year 10. You will NOT be expected to bring this into lessons unless advised to do so in advance by your teacher. The book should be used at home for help with homework, adding more detail to your class notes, and for revision).

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Geographical themes (course content over the two years):

Theme 1: Population and settlement

1.1 Population dynamics

Describe and give reasons for the rapid increase in the world’s population

Show an understanding of over-population and under-population

Understand the main causes of a change in population size

Give reasons for contrasting rates of natural population change

Describe and evaluate population policies

Case Studies required for 1.1

  • A country which is over-populated
  • A country which is under-populated
  • A country with a high rate of natural population growth
  • A country with a low rate of population growth (or population decline)

1.2 Migration

Explain and give reasons for population migration

Demonstrate an understanding of the impacts of migration

Case Study required for 1.2

• An international migration

1.3 Population structure

Identify and give reasons for and implications of different types of population structure

Case Study required for 1.3

• A country with a high dependent population

Further guidance

1.4 Population density and distribution

Describe the factors influencing the density and distribution of population

Case Studies required for 1.4

  • A densely populated country or area (at any scale from local to regional)
  • A sparsely populated country or area (at any scale from local to regional)

1.5 Settlements and service provision

Explain the patterns of settlement

Describe and explain the factors which may in influence the sites, growth and functions of settlements

Give reasons for the hierarchy of settlements and services

Case Study required for 1.5

• Settlement and service provision in an area

1.6 Urban settlements

Describe and give reasons for the characteristics of, and changes in, land use in urban areas

Explain the problems of urban areas, their causes and possible solutions

Case Study required for 1.6

• An urban area or areas

 

1.7 Urbanisation

Identify and suggest reasons for rapid urban growth

Describe the impacts of urban growth on both rural and urban areas, along with possible solutions to reduce the negative impacts

Case Study required for 1.7

• A rapidly growing urban area in a developing country and migration to it

 

Theme 2: The natural environment

2.1 Earthquakes and volcanoes

Candidates should be able to:

Describe the main types and features of volcanoes and earthquakes

Describe and explain the distribution of earthquakes and volcanoes

Describe the causes of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions and their effects on people and the environment

Demonstrate an understanding that volcanoes present hazards and offer opportunities for people

Explain what can be done to reduce the impacts of earthquakes and volcanoes

Case Studies required for 2.1

  • An earthquake
  • A volcano

2.2 Rivers

Explain the main hydrological characteristics and processes which operate within rivers and drainage basins

Demonstrate an understanding of the work of a river in eroding, transporting and depositing

Describe and explain the formation of the landforms associated with these processes

Demonstrate an understanding that rivers present hazards and offer opportunities for people

Explain what can be done to manage the impacts of river flooding

Case Study required for 2.2

• The opportunities presented by a river or rivers, the associated hazards and their management

2.3 Coasts

Demonstrate an understanding of the work of the sea and wind in eroding, transporting and depositing

Describe and explain the formation of the landforms associated with these processes

Describe coral reefs and mangrove swamps and the conditions required for their development

Demonstrate an understanding that coasts present hazards and offer opportunities for people

Explain what can be done to manage the impacts of coastal erosion

Case Study required for 2.3

• The opportunities presented by an area or areas management

2.4 Weather

Describe how weather data is collected

Make calculations using information from weather instruments

Use and interpret graphs and other diagrams showing weather and climate data

2.5 Climate and natural vegetation

Candidates should be able to:

Describe and explain the characteristics of two climates:

• equatorial • hot desert

Describe and explain the characteristics of tropical rainforest and hot desert ecosystems

Describe the causes and effects of deforestation of tropical rainforest

Case Studies required for 2.5

  • An area of tropical rainforest
  • An area of hot desert

Theme 3: Economic development
3.1 Development

Use a variety of indicators to assess the level of development of a country

Identify and explain inequalities between and within countries

Classify production into different sectors and give illustrations of each

Describe and explain how the proportions employed in each sector vary according to the level of development

Describe and explain the process of globalisation, and consider its impacts

Case Study required for 3.1

• A transnational corporation and its global links

3.2 Food production

Describe and explain the main features of an agricultural system: inputs, processes and outputs

Recognise the causes and effects of food shortages and describe possible solutions to this problem

Case Studies required for 3.2

  • A farm or agricultural system
  • A country or region suffering from food shortages

3.3 Industry

Demonstrate an understanding of an industrial system: inputs, processes and outputs (products and waste)

Describe and explain the factors influencing the distribution and location of factories and industrial zones

Case Study required for 3.3

• An industrial zone or factory

3.4 Tourism

Describe and explain the growth of tourism in relation to the main attractions of the physical and human landscape

Evaluate the benefits and disadvantages of tourism to receiving areas

Demonstrate an understanding that careful management of tourism is required in order for it to be sustainable

Case Study required for 3.4

• An area where tourism is important

3.5 Energy

Describe the importance of non-renewable fossil fuels, renewable energy supplies, nuclear power and fuelwood; globally and in different countries at different levels of development

Evaluate the benefits and disadvantages of nuclear power and renewable energy sources

Case Study required for 3.5

• Energy supply in a country or area

3.6 Water

Describe methods of water supply and the proportions of water used for agriculture, domestic and industrial purposes in countries at different levels of economic development

Explain why there are water shortages in some areas and demonstrate that careful management is required to ensure future supplies

Case Study required for 3.6

• Water supply in a country or area

3.7 Environmental risks of economic development

Describe how economic activities may pose threats to the natural environment, locally and globally

Demonstrate the need for sustainable development and management

Understand the importance of resource conservation

Case Study required for 3.7

• An area where economic development is taking place causing the environment to be at risk

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